PPT’s verdict in the European Parliament on war crimes committed by Turkey
The Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal (PPT), which held a session on March 15 and 16 in Paris in the Bourse du Travail buliding on the alleged violations of international law and international humanitarian law by the Republic of Turkey and its agents, delivered its verdict on 24 May, following a solemn session held in Brussels, in the European Parliament.
In light of the clear evidence of the facts brought to his attention and taking into account the expert reports presented and discussed during the hearing, the Permanent Peoples Court declared the Turkish State responsible for denying the Kurdish people their right to self-determination, “by imposing Turkish identity, denying the identity and presence of the Kurdish people, repressing its participation in the political, economic and cultural life of the country, interpreted as a threat to the authority of the Turkish State “.
The Turkish state is convicted, from the period of January first 2015 to January first 2017, for “war crimes through several confrontations in the cities of southeastern Anatolia” (Cizre, Sirnak, Nusaybin, Diyarbakir – neighborhood of Sur- “having in particular consisted in massacres and permanent displacements of the Kurdish populations, thus showing the intention of an attempt of physical elimination of a part of the Kurdish people”.
The Turkish state is found guilty of “state crimes, including targeted killings, extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, committed by various groups of security forces and secret services, in Turkey and abroad, in particular in France “(including the assassination in Paris of the three Kurdish activists Sakine Cansiz, Leyla Saylemez and Fidan Rojbîn Dogan).
The PPT also points to the absence of serious investigations to seek the responsibility of the Turkish authorities which demonstrates a policy of impunity backed by the state.
The President of the Turkish State, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, also bears, according to the court’s expectations, a direct responsibility for war crimes and state crimes: “by his statements and his general attitude of dealing with Kurds living in these areas and their leaders as terrorists, he has incited the police and the military to use indiscriminate violence against the fighters and the civilian population, and legitimized it. “
General Adem Huduti, Turkey’s second army’s leader, also bears direct responsibility for the above-mentioned crimes, as the chief architect of the combined operations between the military forces, police and paramilitary militias: disproportionate use of force resulting in major losses in civilian population and deliberate destruction of civil, historical and religious infrastructures.